This variety is from a Russian apple seedling discovered in North Battleford, Saskatchewan in 1934. The fruit is 3 inches in diameter, striped and mottled red over a pale yellow, ripening here in late August. Battleford is rated as an excellent cooking apple and fair for eating out of hand. Battleford is very winter hardy and recommended for northern regions. Very similar to our antique Duchess and an excellent substitute where extreme winter conditions are an issue.
This cultivar was developed from a Blushed Calville seedling at the Experimental Farm, Morden, Manitoba in 1935. The fruit is ripe in early September, 2.5 to 3.5 inches in diameter, striped bright red over yellowish green, and stores quite well (8 weeks). Crisp, juicy, very good to excellent for fresh eating and cooking. The tree is very vigorous, hardy and productive. The extra large blossoms are impressive and give Breaky added ornamental value. An excellent selection for our more difficult sites. Annual bearer.
(Moscow pear X Melba) A cross developed at the Experimental Farm, Morden, Manitoba in 1961. This is a great early apple, ripening in early September. The fruit is 3 to 4 inches in diameter, mottled and streaked bright red over a creamy green. It is rated excellent for eating and good for sauce. A strong branching habit with a vigorous canopy and rounded. Lateral branches originate from wide angles capable of supporting heavy crops of this wonderful fruit. Carroll is resistant to fireblight and always one of the first cultivars to defoliate in the fall, very winter hardy to -50 F. Annual bearer.
This apple of unknown parentage was discovered by Victor Collett, Norre Dame de Lourdes 1948 and introduced by the Experimental Farm, Morden, Manitoba in 1961. The fruit ripens in early September, 3 to 3.5 inches in diameter and is a medium red over a creamy green. Collett is very similar to the famous McIntosh, rated good for eating and excellent for cooking. The flesh is near white, fine textured, moderately crisp but tender, firm, mildly subacid and aromatic. Fruit will store for 10 weeks. Very winter hardy, Collett is recommended for sites with a season too short for McIntosh and where fireblight and winter injury is a consideration. The tree is moderately vigorous and annually productive.
(McIntosh x Longfield) University of MN, 1943. Large, red striped fruit with a sweet, pleasant flavor. Excellent flavor, good for eating. Good storage life. One of the most popular apples in MN. Resistant to cedar-apple rust.
Minnesota, 1936. This MN apple bred in 1936, is now being introduced. Frostbite is a unique small apple with a very sweet, intense taste. Crisp but firm texture and juicy. Extremely cold hardy, it is an excellent variety for cold, northern regions. Great for cider or cooking. Parent to `Keepsake` and `Sweet 16`, grandparent to `Honeycrisp`.
This cultivar was developed from a Patten Greening seedling at the Experimental Farm, Morden, Manitoba in 1931. Considered a mid-season apple, ripening in early September with large 3.5 to 4 inch fruit. A beautiful washed orange-red over a creamy-green skin covers a crisp, juicy, tender and aromatic flesh. Goodland is excellent for eating and cooking, good for storing and quite winter hardy. This is one of the best Canadian apples (#1 Seller) and we highly recommend Goodland in the Bitterroot and northern kitchen orchards. Annual bearer. Very high quality.
(Malinda x Wealthy) Developed from a Melinda seedling at the Fruit Breeding Station, University of Minnesota in 1922. Named after Charles Haralson, superintendent of the U of MN Fruit Breeding Farm. A natural semi-dwarf tree often bearing fruit the first year. The fruit ripens in mid-October, 3 to 4 inches in diameter, greenish-yellow overlaid with an attractive red. The flesh is crisp, juicy, firm, maybe even a little tough with a pleasantly tart flavor. Haralson is winter hardy and recognized as a keeper in storage into March, also valued for cider and cooking. Well established in Western Montana orchards.
Of unknown parentage, this cultivar was developed at the University of Alberta in 1922. From the collection of Clayton Berg, Helena, MT. This bright red slightly striped medium size apple ripens in late August to early September, with a pleasant sub-acid, mild flavor. Sweet fruits up to 3 inches are exceptionally crisp and juicy. Excellent for eating fresh. Harcourt is very winter hardy and is recommended in colder, short season sites. Looks great in the spring when the tree is loaded with white flowers with a pink tint. High resistance to fireblight.
(Keepsake x unnamed seedling) University of MN, 1991. An exciting apple that is exceptionally crisp and juicy. Flavor is sweet but well-balanced. Excellent storage life, up to 7 months. Has been rated equal to or higher in overall quality than Haralson, Honeygold or Keepsake in winter storage trials. Ripens in late September in MN and stores like a late season variety. Has become an outstanding commercial and home orchard variety because of its explosive crispness, flavor and storage life.
Home fruit gardening offers many benefits--exercise, enjoyment, a supply of delicious fruits, enhancement of the home landscape, and a truly educational experience. However, there is more to growing fruit than simply planting the crop and harvesting the fruit. Backyard growers and hobbyists must consider cultural requirements and solve pest and disease problems throughout the year for successful crops. There are also many challenges relatively unique to the Flathead Valley and NW Montana for those interested in growing fruit. Yet, even with the extra care and challenges there is nothing more satisfying or tastes better than growing your own food. There are a wide variety of fruit trees that can be grown here in NW Montana. Apples, Applecrabs, Cherries, Pears, Peaches, Apricots, Plums, and Walnuts are all fruit varieties that may grow for you. Which trees are right for you is dependent upon your personal tastes and several other contributing factors. Before we get started, it is important to understand the challenges that fruit gardener’s face in the Flathead Valley and throughout Montana.
This is a cross between Dolgo X Haralson developed at the Experimental Fam, Morden, Manitoba in 1952. The fruit ripens in late September with a beautiful dark purple-red skin, 1.75 inches in diameter. Kerr crab is rated excellent for eating and canning, mellowing in storage until March or longer if hidden. Kerr is resistant to fireblight, very winter hardy and considered by many as the best all-purpose applecrab. A very heavy bearer at an early age. A beautiful showy-ornamental specimen when in bloom. A gift from Clayton Berg, Helena, MT in the `80s, remarking that if he could only grow one apple it would be Kerr. The expression "Dynamite comes in small packages" describes this fruit very well and we recommend this treasure anywhere in Montana. A great pollenizer.
Developed from a Montgomery X Yellow Transparent cross, released by New York Fruit Testing in 1911. Similar in many ways to it's dominant parent Yellow Transparent, we use Lodi as a substitute due to it's resistance to fireblight. Lodi produces a reliable, extra early crop of large green cooking apples, hardy to - 45 degrees. Lodi has larger, firmer, longer keeping fruits than the mother plant Yellow Transparent.
A chance seedling discovered circa: 1800 in Ontario, Canada, now widespread in many climates and cultural conditions. If one were to choose a single favorite apple for all purpose, flavor and reliability, the McIntosh would be a popular choice. Widely grown in Canada and the United States, Western Montana is ideally suited for this cultivar. The cool fall temperatures seem to enhance the color and flavor of this fruit. While dozens of strains have been developed in recent years, the old original dark red, almost black, Mac' is still preferred by the connoisseurs of this antique variety. Many specimens of the original Mac' orchards planted in 1910 are still producing quality fruit in the Bitterroot. One in particular serves as our source of scion wood and sold here as Old 'Mac. Old 'Mac is a heavy bearer with a sprightly flavor and will store into January. Old 'Mac is a great dessert apple, excellent for cider and sauce, and good for eating and baking.
(Sharon x Connell Red) Another example of the University of Minnesota's expertise in the development of cold hardy apple varieties. A cross between Sharon and Connell Red, SnowSweet has a deliciously sweet, slightly tart taste. Slow to oxidize when exposed to air. Honeycrisp is a good pollinator. Above average resistance to Scab and Fire Blight. Widely grown in Canada and the United States, Western Montana is ideally suited for this cultivar. The cool fall temperatures seem to enhance the color and flavor of this fruit. While dozens of strains have been developed in recent years, the old original dark red, almost black, Mac' is still preferred by the connoisseurs of this antique variety. Many specimens of the original Mac' orchards planted in 1910 are still producing quality fruit in the Bitterroot. One in particular serves as our source of scion wood and sold here as Old 'Mac. Old 'Mac is a heavy bearer with a sprightly flavor and will store into January. Old 'Mac is a great dessert apple, excellent for cider and sauce, and good for eating and baking.
(Mantet x Oriole) University of MN, 1978. Medium-sized red striped fruit. Flavor is sprightly tart and good for eating and baking. Good texture, semi-acid to sweet. All purpose apple. One of the better early apples for northern locations. Short storage life. MNRC.
University of MN, 1978. Medium-sized red striped apple with crisp, juicy texture. Excellent sweet, unusual flavor - like cherry candy. Outstanding dessert apple. Fireblight resistant. MNRC. Good success in zone 3b.
Illinois, 1869. Fruit is yellow with red stripes. Good for eating and pickling. Hardy, vigorous, heavy bearing tree. Short storage life.
Russia, 1880. Skin is clear yellow and the flesh is white. Precocious and productive tree. Best used for cooking. Heavy producer. Pick before maturity for better storage life. Scab resistant.
(State Fair X MN selection) University of MN, 1998. A wonderful new apple cultivar from the the University of MN. At last, an early apple that is crisp and juicy! Best known for its excellent sweet tart flavor. Has a much longer storage life than other early apples. Excellent for fresh eating and cooking.